Early childhood is one of the most critical stages of development for the growing child. During the ages of 3 to 7, children reach major milestones in cognitive skills, gross and fine motor skills, and social and emotional skills. Piano lessons can be an important addition to the development of these skills. In piano lessons, a child is taught to think critically, and fingers are trained along with the ear and the eye. Studies regularly show the benefits of studying music at a young age. As an early childhood specialist, it is important to take a developmental approach to teaching piano lessons: realistic goals are made based upon the child's age and ability. Young children are taught the fundamentals for piano and music, and learning to read music is treated as an extension to learning to read English.